The Population Of Lagos

The Population Of Lagos

Lagos State, often referred to as the economic hub of Nigeria, is a bustling metropolis that never seems to sleep. Known for its diverse culture, rich history, and vibrant economy, this state has witnessed significant population growth over the years.

In this article, we will discuss the population dynamics of Lagos State, Nigeria, analysing the factors contributing to its rapid growth, its challenges, and what the future holds for this dynamic region.

Historical Perspective

Early Settlements and Growth

Lagos State has a long and storied history dating back to the pre-colonial era when it was inhabited by indigenous tribes. It gradually grew as a centre of trade and commerce during the colonial period, attracting people from various regions of Nigeria and beyond.

Factors Driving Population Growth

Economic Opportunities

Lagos State’s economic attractiveness has been a magnet for people seeking better job opportunities, entrepreneurial ventures, and a chance to improve their standard of living. The state is home to a variety of industries, from finance to technology, which has led to an influx of professionals and skilled workers.


The urbanization trend has seen rural dwellers migrate to Lagos in search of improved living conditions. The allure of modern amenities, better healthcare, and education facilities has contributed significantly to the urban population surge.


Lagos State’s strategic location along the coast has made it a gateway for international trade and investment. As a result, it has attracted immigrants from neighbouring West African countries and beyond, further diversifying its population.

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The Population Of Lagos

Current Population Statistics

Lagos State, as of the last official census in 2006, had a population of approximately 9 million people. However, it is widely acknowledged that this figure has significantly increased over the past decade. According to World Population Review, Lagos’s 2023 population is now estimated at 15,945,912 and by 2035, 24.4 million might be dwelling in the city (

The Population Of Lagos
Find more statistics at Statista

Challenges Associated with Population Growth

Infrastructure Strain

The rapid population growth has put immense pressure on the state’s infrastructure, leading to issues such as traffic congestion, inadequate housing, and strained public services.

Environmental Concerns

Lagos State’s population boom has also led to environmental challenges, including pollution, deforestation, and water scarcity, which need urgent attention to ensure sustainability.

Future Prospects

Sustainable Urban Planning

To address the challenges posed by its growing population, the Lagos State government is actively involved in urban planning initiatives. These efforts aim to create sustainable, well-designed urban areas that can accommodate the needs of the expanding population.

Economic Diversification

The state continues to attract investments in diverse sectors, which not only fuels economic growth but also provides job opportunities for its residents.


The population of Lagos State, Nigeria, has been on a steady rise, driven by economic opportunities, urbanization, and immigration. However, this growth has brought along its own set of challenges, including infrastructure strain and environmental concerns. To ensure a prosperous future, sustainable urban planning and economic diversification efforts are critical.

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